• Clinical science

Skull base syndromes

Abstract

Skull base syndromes are caused by malignancies or inflammatory conditions that affect the base of the skull and the cranial nerves exiting the skull. The location of the pathology can often be determined by characteristic features produced by nerve damage and other localizing space-occupying effects (e.g., pain, proptosis). Syndromes primarily involving the cranial nerves are discussed in a separate learning card (see cranial nerve palsies).

Superior orbital fissure syndrome

References:[1][2]

Foster-Kennedy syndrome

References:[3]

Orbital apex syndrome

References:[4][5][6]

Cavernous sinus syndrome

References:[7]

Cerebellopontine angle syndrome

Gradenigo's syndrome

References:[8]

Garcin syndrome