- Clinical science
Laboratory evaluation of serological and urinary markers is important in the diagnosis of suspected bone disease. An increase or decrease in calcium, phosphate, creatinine, or parathormone may provide important information for differential diagnosis. Elevated serum alkaline phosphatase, which originates from several tissues (e.g., liver and bone) indicates increased bone formation (e.g., after a pathological fracture, in bone metastasis, or Paget's disease), once liver disease is ruled out. Elevated urinary hydroxyproline, a specific marker of collagen synthesis and breakdown, is a typical finding in patients with Paget's disease.
|Serum calcium||Serum phosphate||Parathormone (PTH)||Additional lab values|
|Malignant neoplasm/osteolytic metastasis||↑||n/↓||n/↓|| |