Male circumcision

Last updated: September 4, 2023

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Male circumcision is the surgical removal of the prepuce (foreskin) from the penis for medical, cultural, or religious reasons. Medical indications for circumcision include refractory balanoposthitis, recurrent urinary tract infections, and pathological phimosis. Elective circumcision is commonly performed during the neonatal period because of social norms and/or religious laws. Circumcision can decrease the risk of urinary tract infections, certain sexually transmitted infections, penile cancer, and some penile inflammatory disorders. In countries with high rates of HIV transmission, male circumcision is recommended as a preventative measure. The decision to circumcise male infants should be made on a case-by-case basis, based on social norms, parental preference, and individual medical benefit.

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We list the most important complications. The selection is not exhaustive.

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  1. Malone P, Steinbrecher H. Medical aspects of male circumcision. BMJ. 2007; 335 (7631): p.1206-1290.doi: 10.1136/ . | Open in Read by QxMD
  2. Key considerations and implications for HIV prevention in the United States. Updated: July 12, 2022. Accessed: March 21, 2023.
  3. American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Male Circumcision. Pediatrics. 2012; 130 (3): p.e756-e785.doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-1990 . | Open in Read by QxMD

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