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Tibial fracture

Last updated: March 16, 2021

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Tibial fractures are the most common type of long bone fractures. They are usually caused by direct trauma and may occur proximally (tibial plateau fracture), at the shaft, or distally. The fracture may solely involve the tibia or the fibula, or it may involve both. As only a small amount of tissue covers the bone structures, there is a higher risk of open fracture, neurovascular injury, compartment syndrome, and wound infection. Depending on the location and stability of the fracture, treatment may involve casting, intramedullary nailing, open reduction and internal fixation, or external fixation.

See “General principles of fractures.”

See “General principles of fractures.”

We list the most important complications. The selection is not exhaustive.

  1. Mehin R, O’Brien P, Broekhuyse H, Blachut P, Guy P. Endstage arthritis following tibia plateau fractures: average 10-year follow-up. Canadian Journal of Surgery. 2012; 55 (2): p.7-94. doi: 10.1503/cjs.003111 . | Open in Read by QxMD