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Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness

Last updated: July 9, 2020

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Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD), originally known as phobic postural vertigo (PPV), is an idiopathic disorder that presents with a persistent sensation of non-rotational dizziness or unsteadiness and hypersensitivity to motion, lasting at least 3 months. It is the most common cause of chronic dizziness and it often follows an event that caused acute vertigo or dizziness, such as vestibular neuritis or panic attacks. Typically, patients recover from the initial acute disease, but the feeling of dizziness persists. Treatment consists of vestibular rehabilitation, psychotherapy and, if necessary, SSRIs.

  • Most common vestibular disorder in people 30–50 years of age


Epidemiological data refers to the US, unless otherwise specified.


  • Persistent sensation of non-rotational dizziness or unsteadiness for at least 3 months
    • Symptoms are present ≥ 15 of every 30 days, although most patients experience daily symptoms
    • Dizziness typically worsens with motion of both the patient and his or her surroundings
  • PPPD patients often suffer from anxiety and/or depressive disorders



See differential diagnoses for vertigo

The differential diagnoses listed here are not exhaustive.

The following measures are indicated for all patients:


The majority of patients recover completely or improve considerably.


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  2. Saraiva R, Bittara M, von Söhsten Lins EMD. Clinical characteristics of patients with persistent postural-perceptual dizziness. Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. 2015; 81 (3): p.276–282. doi: 10.1016/j.bjorl.2014.08.012 . | Open in Read by QxMD
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